Transitions and Ionization in Quantum Systems

  • Boris Mikhailovich Karnakov
  • Vladimir Pavlovich Krainov


Here, we consider transition and ionization processes in various atomic systems produced by constant external fields, or by fields which change with time slowly compared to the typical Kepler periods of electrons in atoms.


Transverse Momentum Electric Field Strength Ionization Rate Constant Electric Field External Electromagnetic Field 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boris Mikhailovich Karnakov
    • 1
  • Vladimir Pavlovich Krainov
    • 2
  1. 1.Moscow Engineering Physical InstituteMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Moscow Inst.of Physics and TechnologyDolgoprudnyRussia

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