Handheld “App” Offering Visual Support to Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)

  • Bogdan Zamfir
  • Robert Tedesco
  • Brian Reichow
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7383)


iPrompts® is a software application for handheld devices that provides visual support to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). Caregivers use the application to create and present visual schedules, visual countdown timers, and visual choices, to help individuals with ASDs stay organized, understand upcoming events, and identify preferences. The developer of the application, HandHold Adaptive, LLC, initially introduced iPrompts on the iPhone and iPod Touch in May of 2009. The research team from the Center of Excellence on Autism Spectrum Disorders at Southern Connecticut State University conducted a study of iPrompts in 2010, investigating its use by educators working with students with ASDs. Among other findings, educators indicated a desire to present visual supports on a larger, “tablet”-sized display screen, leading the developer to produce an iPad-specific product, iPrompts® XL. Described in this paper are the research effort of iPrompts and subsequent development effort of iPrompts XL.


autism spectrum disorder ASD iPad iPhone smartphone tablet handheld device application app iPrompts 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders—Autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 14 sites, United States (2008), Surveillance Summaries, MMWR, 61, 1–19, SS3, March 30 (2012) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Quill, K.: Instructional considerations for young children with autism: The rationale for visually-cued instruction. J. Autism Dev. Disord. 27, 697–714 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    McClannahan, L.E., Krantz, P.J.: Activity schedules for children with autism: Teaching independent behavior. Woodbine House, Bethesda (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nikopoulos, C., Hobbs, S., Keenan, M.: Video modeling and behaviour analysis: A guide for teaching social skills to children with autism. Jessica Kingsley, London (2006)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gray, C.: The New Social Story Book. Future Horizons, Arlington (2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    National Autism Center. National standards report. Author, Randolph, MA (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gray, L., et al.: Teachers’ use of educational technology in U.S. public schools: 2009 (NCES 2010-040). National Center for Education Statistics, Washington DC (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Davis, K.: Parents herald rise in apps to help treat autism but proof of therapeutic benefits is lacking. PC World, February 10 (2012), (obtained on April 19, 2012)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bogdan Zamfir
    • 1
  • Robert Tedesco
    • 2
  • Brian Reichow
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Southern Connecticut State UniversityNew HavenUnited States
  2. 2.HandHold Adaptive, LLCSheltonUnited States
  3. 3.Yale Child Study CenterNew HavenUnited States

Personalised recommendations