Development of New Auditory Testing Media with Invisible 2-Dimensional Codes for Test-Takers with Print Disabilities

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7382)


Utilizing invisible 2-dimensional codes and digital audio players with a 2-dimensional code scanner, we developed two types of new auditory testing media. The result of experimental evaluation of the new testing media shows that, in addition to existing special accommodations such as large-print-format test and braille-format test, the introduction of the new auditory testing media enables all test-takers with print disabilities, including the newly blind, the severely partially sighted and the dyslexic, to take the National Center Test for University Admissions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Center for University Entrance ExaminationsJapan
  2. 2.Ibaraki UniversityJapan
  3. 3.National School for the Blind of Tsukuba UniversityJapan
  4. 4.Tokyo Metropolitan Kodaira Senior High SchoolJapan

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