SCRIBE: A Model for Implementing Robobraille in a Higher Education Institution

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7382)


The provision of alternate formats for students with print-based disabilities can be challenging. Producing educational material in alternate formats is often time consuming, expensive and requires special knowledge and training of staff. Therefore, in most settings, students are dependent on others, such as disability service personnel or external producers, to obtain their academic materials in their preferred accessible format. Even with these resources available, students may still encounter delays in receiving their alternate formats in a timely manner. For example, a student receiving an inaccessible version of a hand-out or other academic content from a professor on a Friday afternoon may be required to wait until the next business week to receive an accessible version of the document as most institutions or external providers do not run their alternate format production centres seven days per week, year-round. The RoboBraille service offers fully automated conversion of text into a number of alternate formats allowing the individual student to be independent. This paper describes how the RoboBraille Service was turned into a self-service solution for students at Stanford University, called the Stanford Converter into Braille and E-Text – or SCRIBE. The overall purpose of SCRIBE is to encourage students to become self-sufficient by simplifying the production of accessible formats.


Alternate formats accessibility self-sufficiency conversion educational material print-based disability Braille MP3 DAISY e-books student independence 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Synscenter Refsnæs and Sensus ApSHillerødDenmark
  2. 2.Office of Accessible Education/Schwab Learning CenterStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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