DARIH: Distributed Adaptive Routing via Information Highway in Sensor Network
Wireless sensor network is one of the most important fields of research in this century. This technology is used in environmental monitoring, health monitoring, vehicle tracking system, military surveillance etc. Sensor nodes are able to sense the environment, perform computations and communicate in a limited range. In this paper, we are proposing distributed adaptive routing via information highway in sensor network (DARIH) where data reaches to base station via traffic nodes. The proposed algorithm uses dynamic traffic node selection method to distribute load among nodes and balances the energy dispersion of sensor nodes. The adaptive routing protocol selects routing path based on weight of the path. By this way it prolongs the lifetime of the sensor network in large scale. The routing scheme is fault tolerant as it replaces faulty node quickly with a fresh node. This algorithm also takes special care for the nodes near base station. For multi-hop routing, nodes near base station deplete their battery sooner due to relay traffic. DARIH provides traffic group of smaller size near base station to solve this problem.
KeywordsWireless sensor network (WSN) cluster head (CH) base station (BS) traffic group traffic node
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