Route and Load Aware Channel Assignment Algorithm for Multichannel and Multi Radio Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks

  • Jagadeesh Kakarla
  • S. Siva Sathya
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 176)


Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET) is a special type of Mobile Adhoc Network (MANET) technology that recently gained lot of prominence in urban areas. VANETs consider a combination of Road Side Units (RSUs) and vehicles with wireless radios. One primary issue in VANET is Medium Access Control (MAC), which aims to utilize the radio spectrum efficiently, to resolve potential contention and collision among vehicles for using the medium. Contention reduces the performance of single channel MAC protocols and the workload distribution among the vehicles is also not well defined. Hence Multi channel Multi radio architecture is useful to provide better quality of services (QoS). But here multi channel interference is a major problem to assign channel to a particular vehicle. The proposed work describes a cross layered approach with distributed channel assignment algorithm. The multipath routing is carried out with the help of a distributed channel assignment algorithm to assign channels to each vehicle by finding out each channel load. This route and channel load aware algorithm provides better quality of service in VANET. Simulation results reveal that, Weighted Cumulative Expected Transmission Time (WCETT) routing metric in multipath routing algorithm integration with multi channel and multi radio outperforms AODV and DSR in various QOS parameters.


Wireless Sensor Network Medium Access Control Medium Access Control Protocol Channel Assignment Packet Loss Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Liu, K., Guo, J., Lu, N., Liu, F.: RAMC: A RSU-Assisted Multi-channel Coor-dination MAC Protocol for VANET. In: GLOBECOM Workshops. IEEE (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wang, X., Wang, X., Fu, X., Xing, G., Jha, N.: Flow-Based Real-Time Communication in Multi-Channel Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Roedig, U., Sreenan, C.J. (eds.) EWSN 2009. LNCS, vol. 5432, pp. 33–52. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kyasanur, P., Vaidya, N.: Routing and link-layer protocols for multi-channel multi-interface ad hoc wireless networks. In: ACM MC2R (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang, Y., Ju, Y., Jin, B., Yu, J., Sun, Y., Yang, J.: A Hybrid Multi-channel MAC protocol with Virtual Mechanism and Power Control for Wireless Sensor Networks 3, 144,
  5. 5.
    Kakarla, J., Siva Sathya, S.: A Survey and Qualitative Analysis of Multi-channel Mac Protocols for VANET. International Journal of Computer Applications 38(6) (January 2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    DurmazIncel, O., Jansen, P., Mullender, S.: MC-LMAC: A Multi-Channel MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Makram, S.A., Gunes, M., Kchiche, A., Krebs, M.: Dynamic Channel Assignment for Wireless Mesh Networks Using Clustering. In: Proceedings of ICN, pp. 539–544 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wu, Y., Keally, M., Zhou, G., Mao, W.: Traffic-Aware Channel Assignment in Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Liu, B., Bestavros, A., Du, D.-Z., Wang, J. (eds.) WASA 2009. LNCS, vol. 5682, pp. 479–488. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhou, G., He, T., Stankovic, Abdelzaher, T.F.: Radio Interference Detection in Wireless Sensor Networks. In: IEEE INFOCOM (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kakarla, J., Siva Sathya, S., Laxmi, B.G., Ramesh Babu, B.: A Survey on Routing Protocols and its Issues in VANET. International Journal of Computer Applications 28(4) (August 2011)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Engineering and Technology, Department of Computer SciencePondicherry UniversityPondicherryIndia

Personalised recommendations