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Meiosis in Polyploid Plants

  • Marie-Luise Zielinski
  • Ortrun Mittelsten Scheid
Chapter

Abstract

Meiosis is an obligate process during sexual reproduction, which involves the combination of parental genomes and the coordinated segregation of the recombined chromosomes to the gametes. Polyploidy has direct and fundamental consequences on meiosis, which are gradually and individually different between the extreme cases of auto- and allopolyploids. Multiple chromosome complements have a major impact, especially on chromosome pairing during pachytene and on the segregation of genotypes and phenotypes in progeny. At the same time, irregularities during meiosis are a major source of naturally occurring polyploidization events by the formation of unreduced gametes. Although individuals originating from nonhaploid gametes may suffer from reduced vigor and fecundity, their gametogenesis can produce many more chromosomal combinations than regular diploids, and thereby expose more diversity to natural selection. A more relaxed control of pairing and segregation in polyploids, possibly also with increased recombination rates, might be an important contribution to evolution and adaptation potential, especially under drastic or frequent changes in environmental conditions.

Keywords

Sister Chromatid Homologous Chromosome Synaptonemal Complex Meiotic Recombination Unreduced Gamete 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Luise Zielinski
    • 1
  • Ortrun Mittelsten Scheid
    • 1
  1. 1.Gregor Mendel Institute of Molecular Plant BiologyViennaAustria

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