Advertisement

A Dynamic Approach to Multicultural Integration

  • Wouter E. de Raad
Chapter
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)

Abstract

In this chapter a dynamic model of multicultural integration is presented, formalized and tested in a series of computer simulations. Three main points are made concerning: First, how simulations aid in the analysis of the logical consistency and premises of a theoretical model, in this case Berry’s acculturation model, on which our dynamic model is built. Second, how computer simulations may help in development of new theory by producing outcomes which can serve as testable claims. Third, the social mechanisms, that lie at the basis of a limited number of scenarios of multi-cultural integration.

Keywords

Minority Group Negative Attitude Multicultural Society Majority Member Minority Member 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Baumeister, R.F., Leary, M.R.: The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychol. Bull. 117, 497–529 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berry, J.W.: Acculturation as varieties of adaptation. In: Padilla, A. (ed.) Acculturation: Theory, Models and Some New Findings, pp. 9–25. Westview, Boulder (1980)Google Scholar
  3. Berry, J.W.: Immigration, acculturation and adaptation. Appl. Psychol. Int. Rev. 46, 5–68 (1997)Google Scholar
  4. Bourhis, R.Y., Moïse, L.C., Perreault, S., Senécal, S.: Towards an interactive acculturation model: a social psychological approach. Int. J. Psychol. 32, 369–386 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bowen, J.R.: The myth of global ethnic conflict. J. Democracy 7, 3–14 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Castles, S., Miller, M.: The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World, 4th edn. Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire (2009)Google Scholar
  7. Colletta, N.J., Cullen, M.L.: Violent Conflict and the Transformation of Social Capital. The World Bank, Washington, DC (2000)Google Scholar
  8. Edwards, W.: The theory of decision making. Psychol. Bull. 51, 380–417 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fearon, J.D., Laitin, D.D.: Violence and the social construction of ethnic identity. Int. Organ. 54, 845–877 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gilbert, N., Troitzsch, K.G.: Simulation for the Social Scientist, 2nd edn. Open University Press, Maidenhead (2005)Google Scholar
  11. Hegselmann, R.: Modeling social dynamics by cellular automata. In: Liebrand, W.G., Nowak, A., Hegselmann, R. (eds.) Computer Modeling of Social Processes, pp. 37–64. Sage Publications, London (1998)Google Scholar
  12. Maslow, A.H.: Motivation and Personality. Harper, New York (1954)Google Scholar
  13. Mimkes, J.: Binary alloys as a model for the multicultural society. J. Thermal Anal. 43, 524–537 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nowak, A.: Dynamical minimalism: why less is more in psychology. Pers. Soc. Psychol. Rev. 8, 183–192 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pettigrew, T.F.: Intergroup contact theory. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 49, 65–85 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pettigrew, T.F., Tropp, L.R.: A meta-analytic test of intergroup contact theory. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 90, 751–783 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pettigrew, T.F., Tropp, L.R.: How does intergroup contact reduce prejudice? Meta-analytic tests of three mediators. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol. 38, 922–934 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Putnam, R.D.: The prosperous community: social capital and social life. Am. Prospect 13, 35–42 (1993)Google Scholar
  19. Rydgren, J.: The sociology of the radical right. Annu. Rev. Sociol. 33, 241–262 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Samuelson, P.A., Nordhaus, W.D.: Economics, 18th edn. McGraw Hill, Boston (2005)Google Scholar
  21. Schelling, T.C.: Dynamic models of segregation. J. Math. Sociol. 1, 143–186 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Varshney, A.: Ethnic conflict and civil society. World Polit. 53, 362–398 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Waldrop, M.M.: Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos. Simon & Schuster, New York (1992)Google Scholar
  24. Wright, S.C., Aron, A., McLaughlin-Volpe, T., Ropp, S.A.: The extended contact effect: knowledge of cross-group friendships and prejudice. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 73, 73–90 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations