Advertisement

Social Entrepreneurs Open Closed Worlds: The Transformative Influence of Weak Ties

  • Ryszard Praszkier
Chapter
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)

Abstract

The concept of weak versus strong social ties is introduced, including the classical and contemporary definitions as well as the ambiguities related to the operationalization of the definitions. Furthermore, a concept is presented of social entrepreneurship and the way social entrepreneurs build and enhance weak ties in disenfranchised groups and communities. Analogies to chemical processes (using a static as well as a dynamic model) provide a gateway for further research and for modeling the dynamics that measure the strength of social ties. One of the conclusions is that for a harmonious development of groups, communities and societies, a balance between strong and weak ties should be sustained.

Keywords

Social Capital Autistic Child Weak Bond Social Entrepreneurship Senior Citizen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Anonymous Business Editors. Hill and Knowlton and Ashoka form precedent-setting global partnership. Business Wire (2002), htp://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2002_June_27/ai_87867887. Retrieved 11 Nov 2010
  2. Ashoka, Innovators for the Public: Selecting Leading Social Entrepreneurs. Ashoka, Arlington (2000)Google Scholar
  3. Barabási, A.L.: Linked. A Plume Book, Cambridge (2003)Google Scholar
  4. Bar-Tal, D.: Sociopsychological foundations of intractable conflicts. Am. Behav. Sci. 50(11), 1430–1453 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Borgatti, S.P., Jones, C., Everett, M.G.: Network measures of social capital. Connections 21(2), 27–36 (1998)Google Scholar
  6. Bornstein, D.: How to Change the World: Social Entrepreneurs and the Power of New Ideas. Oxford University Press, New York (2004)Google Scholar
  7. Bornstein, D., Davis, S.: Social Entrepreneurship: What Everyone Needs to Know? Oxford University Press, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  8. Brinckerhoff, P.C.: Social Entrepreneurship: The Art of Mission-Based Venture Development. Wiley, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  9. Coulson, J.: The Strength of Weak Ties in Online Social Networks: How Do Users of Online Social Networks Create and Utilize Weak Ties to Amass Social Capital? LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbrücken (2010)Google Scholar
  10. Csermely, P.: Creative elements: network-based predictions of active centres in protein and cellular and social networks. Trends Biochem. Sci. 33(12), 569–576 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Csermely, P.: Weak Links: The Universal Key to the Stability of Networks and Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin (2009)Google Scholar
  12. Dees, J.G.: The Meaning of Social Entrepreneurship. Kauffman Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership, Kansas City (1998), http://www.caseatduke.org/documents/dees_sedef.pdf. Retrieved 21 Sep 2012
  13. Drayton, W.: The citizen sector: becoming as entrepreneurial and competitive as business. Calif. Manage. Rev. 44(3), 120–131 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Drayton, W.: Where the real power lies. Alliance 10, 29–30 (2005)Google Scholar
  15. Elkington, J., Hartigan, P.: The Power of Unreasonable People. Harvard Business Press, Boston (2008)Google Scholar
  16. Gendron, G.: Flashes of genius: interview with Peter Drucker. Inc. Mag. 18(7), 30–39 (1966)Google Scholar
  17. Gentile, M.C.: Social Impact Management and Social Enterprise: Two Sides of the Same Coin or Totally Different Currency? Aspen Institute for Social Innovation in Business, New York (2002), www.aspeninstitute.org/sites/default/files/content/docs/business%20and%20society%20program/SOCIMPACTSOCENT.PDF. Retrieved 11 Nov 2010
  18. Gladwell, M.: The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. Back Bay Books, Boston (2002)Google Scholar
  19. Glass, P.W.: Autism and the family: a qualitative perspective. Doctoral dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (2001)Google Scholar
  20. Granovetter, M.S.: The strength of weak ties. Am. J. Sociol. 78(6), 1360–1380 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Granovetter, M.S.: The strength of weak ties: a network theory revisited. Sociol. Theory 1(1), 201–233 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Granovetter, M.S.: Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1995)Google Scholar
  23. Hammonds, K.H.: A lever long enough to move the world. Fast Company, 90, 60–63 (2005) Available on: http://www.fastcompany.com/52233/lever-long-enough-move-world. Retrieved 21 Sep 21 2012
  24. Kaniasty, K.: Klęska żywiołowa czy katastrofa społeczna? Gdańskie Wydwnictwo Psychologiczne, Gdańsk (2003)Google Scholar
  25. Krackhardt, D.: The strength of strong ties: the importance of Philos in organizations. In: Nohria, N., Eccles, R.G. (eds.) Networks and Organizations: Structure, Form and Action, pp. 216–239. Harvard Business School Press, Boston (1992)Google Scholar
  26. Leadbeater, C.: The Rise of the Social Entrepreneur. Demos, London (1997)Google Scholar
  27. Lin, N.: Social Capital: A Theory of Social Structure and Action. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mair, J., Robinson, J., Hockerts, K.: Introduction. In: Mair, J., Robinson, J., Hockerts, K. (eds.) Social Entrepreneurship, pp. 1–13. Palgrave MacMillan, New York (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Noble, T.: Social Theory and Social Change. Palgrave, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  30. Norris, F.H., Baker, C.K., Murphy, A.D., Kaniasty, K.: Social support mobilization and deterioration after Mexico’s 1999 flood: effects of context, gender, and time. Am. J. Community Psychol. 36(1–2), 15–28 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nowak, A.: Dynamical minimalism: why less is more in psychology? Pers. Soc. Psychol. Rev. 8(2), 183–193 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Petróczi, A., Nepusz, T., Bazsó, F.: Measuring tie-strength in virtual social networks. Connections 27(2), 39–52 (2007)Google Scholar
  33. Porter, J.: Weak ties and diversity in social networks. Bokardo Social Web Design (2007). Available on: http://bokardo.com/archives/weak-ties-and-diversity-in-social-networks/, 5 Oct 2007
  34. Praszkier, R., Nowak, A.: Social Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice. Cambridge University Press, New York (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Praszkier, R.: Family social capital and autism. A lecture for the Synapsis Foundation. Synapsis Foundation, Warszawa (2005, unpublished material)Google Scholar
  36. Praszkier, R., Nowak, A., Zablocka-Bursa, A.: Social capital built by social entrepreneurs and the specific personality traits that facilitate the process. Psychol. Spoleczna 4(10–12), 42–54 (2009)Google Scholar
  37. Putnam, R.D.: Bowling Alone. The Collapse and Revival of American Community. Simon and Shuster, New York (2000)Google Scholar
  38. Steyaert, C., Hjorth, D.: Introduction: what is social entrepreneurship? In: Steyaert, C., Hjorth, D. (eds.) Entrepreneurship as Social Change, pp. 1–18. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham (2006)Google Scholar
  39. Wroniszewski, M.: Some conclusions from observing the autistic families in longer perspective. Synapsis Foundation, Warszawa (2010, unpublished material)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Social StudiesUniversity of WarsawWarszawaPoland

Personalised recommendations