How to Teach Total Knee Reconstruction Using Computer-Assisted Navigation

  • S. David Stulberg


The original goals of applying computer-assisted surgical techniques to knee reconstructive procedures were to (1) increase the accuracy with which implants and limbs were aligned and soft tissues balanced and (2) improve the reliability with which the procedures were performed (i.e., reduce the incidence of alignment and soft-tissue balancing “outliers”) [18, 80]. These goals were based upon the well-established observations that the clinical and functional outcomes of knee reconstructive procedures and the durability of these procedures were correlated with the accuracy of implant and limb alignment and the quality of soft-tissue balancing [1, 3, 4, 20, 21, 26, 30, 38–40, 49, 50, 59, 61, 62, 68, 69, 75, 78, 84–86, 89].


Operating Room Surgical Skill Surgical Simulator Limb Alignment Knee Reconstruction 
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© ESSKA 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Joint Reconstruction and Implant ServiceNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA

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