Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Kinematic Evaluation

  • Stefano Zaffagnini
  • Simone Bignozzi
  • Nicola Lopomo
  • F. Iacono
  • M. P. Neri
  • Alberto Grassi
  • T. Roberti Di Sarsina
  • Maurilio Marcacci
Chapter

Abstract

CAS in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has now completed over 15 years of research. The first publications started in the second half of the 1990s [34]. The main goal of the navigated procedures was to improve the correct position of the graft, using anatomical references and graft isometry during the range of motion, considering that 70–80 % of the complications were due to malpositioned tunnels [10].

Keywords

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Pivot Shift International Knee Documentation Committee Knee Laxity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© ESSKA 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefano Zaffagnini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Simone Bignozzi
    • 1
    • 3
  • Nicola Lopomo
    • 1
    • 4
  • F. Iacono
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. P. Neri
    • 1
  • Alberto Grassi
    • 1
  • T. Roberti Di Sarsina
    • 1
  • Maurilio Marcacci
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratorio di Biomeccanica e Innovazione TecnologicaIstituto Ortopedico RizzoliBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Clinica Ortopedica e Traumatologica IIIIstituto Ortopedico RizzoliBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Orthokey LLCLewesUSA
  4. 4.Laboratorio di NanoBiotecnologie – NaBiIstituto Ortopedico RizzoliBolognaItaly

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