Feel the Static and Kinetic Friction

  • Felix G. Hamza-Lup
  • William H. Baird
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7282)


Multimodal simulations augment the presentation of abstract concepts facilitating theoretical models understanding and learning. Most simulations only engage two of our five senses: sight and hearing. If we employ additional sensory communication channels in simulations, we may gain a deeper understanding of illustrated concepts by increasing the communication bandwidth and providing alternative perspectives.

We implemented the sense of touch in 3D simulations to teach important concepts in introductory physics. Specifically, we developed a visuo-haptic simulation for friction. We prove that interactive 3D haptic simulations – if carefully developed and deployed – are useful in engaging students and allowing them to understand concepts faster. We hypothesize that large scale deployment of such haptic-based simulators in science laboratories is now possible due to the advancements in haptic software and hardware technology.


Haptics Friction Physics e-Learning 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Dede, C., Salzman, M., Loftin, B., Sprague, D.: Multisensory Immersion as a Modeling Environment for Learning Complex Scientific Concepts. In: Feurzeig, W., Roberts, N. (eds.) Computer Modeling and Simulation in Science Education, pp. 282–319. Springer, New York (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Klemmer, S.R., Hartmann, B., Takayama, L.: How bodies matter: five themes for interaction design. In: Proceedings of the 6th Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (DIS 2006), pp. 140–149. ACM, New York (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Richard, C., Okamura, A.M., Cutkosky, M.R.: Feeling is Believing: Using Force-Feedback Joystick to Teach Dynamic Systems. ASEE Journal of Engineering Education 92(3), 345–349 (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bowen, K., O’Malley, M.K.: Adaptation of Haptic Interfaces for a LabVIEW-based System Dynamics Course. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems (HAPTICS 2006). IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Williams, R.L., He, X., Franklin, T., Wang, S.: Haptics-Augmented Engineering Mechanics Educational Tools. World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education 6(1) (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gillespie, R.B., Hoffman, M.B., Freudenberg, J.: Haptic Interface for Hands-On Instruction in System Dynamics and Embedded Control. In: Proceedings of the 11th Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems (HAPTICS 2003), p. 410. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jones, M.G., Bokinsky, A., Tretter, T., Negishi, A., Kubasko, D., Taylor, R., Superfine, R.: Atomic Force Microscopy with Touch: Educational Applications. In: Mendez-Vilas, A. (ed.) Science, Technology and Education of Microscopy: An Overview, Madrid, Spain, vol. 2, pp. 686–776 (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Singapogu, R.B., Burg, T.C.: Haptic virtual manipulatives for enhancing K-12 special education. In: Proceedings of the 47th Annual Southeast Regional Conference (ACM-SE 47). ACM, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Williams II, R.L., Chen, M.-Y., Seaton, J.M.: Haptics-Augmented High School Physics Tutorials. International Journal of Virtual Reality 5(1) (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sankaranarayanan, G., Weghorst, S., Sanner, M., Gillet, A., Olson, A.: Role of Haptics in Teaching Structural Molecular Biology. In: Proceedings of the 11th Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems (HAPTICS 2003), Los Angeles, CA (2003)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stone, J.E., Gullingsrud, J., Schulten, K.: A system for interactive molecular dynamics simulation. In: Proceedings of the 2001 Symposium on Interactive 3D graphics (I3D 2001), pp. 191–194. ACM, New York (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Grow, D., Verner, L.N., Okamura, A.M.: Educational Haptics. In: AAAI 2007 Spring Symposia- Robots and Robot Venues: Resources for AI Education (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pantelios, M., Tsiknas, L., Christodoulou, S.P., Papatheodorou, T.S.: Haptics technology in Educational Applications, a Case Study. Presented at JDIM, 2004, pp. 171–178 (2004)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    SenseGraphics AB, website (August 2011),
  15. 15.
    Web3D Consortium, website (July 2011),
  16. 16.
    Python Software, website (August 2011),
  17. 17.
    Novint Technologies: Novint Falcon haptic device, website (July 2011),
  18. 18.
    Dunn, R., DeBello, T.C. (eds.): Improved test scores, attitudes, and behaviors in America’s schools: Supervisors’ success stories. Bergin and Garvey, Westport (1999)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felix G. Hamza-Lup
    • 1
  • William H. Baird
    • 2
  1. 1.Computer Science and Information TechnologyArmstrong Atlantic State UniversitySavannahUSA
  2. 2.Chemistry and PhysicsArmstrong Atlantic State UniversitySavannahUSA

Personalised recommendations