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A Geographical Information System for Mapping Eruption Risk at Piton de la Fournaise

  • Paule-Annick Davoine
  • Cécile Saint-Marc
Chapter
Part of the Active Volcanoes of the World book series (AVOLCAN)

Abstract

Piton de la Fournaise, situated on La Réunion Island, is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. It has been the subject of continuous surveillance since the start of the 1980s, in particular on account of the potential economic stakes. Spatial knowledge concerning the eruptive risk for the management of volcanic hazard is a major challenge. It requires knowledge of past events, and implies the need to relate different eruptive phenomena, such as lava flows, cones and fissures, and also earth tremors providing warning signs for eruptions. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are widely recognised for the management of spatial data and natural hazard mapping. This chapter thus sets out to present the different stages in the design of the GIS developed in the Observatoire Volcanologique du Piton de la Fournaise, and its interest in the spatial analysis of volcanic hazard.

Keywords

Geographical Information System GISGeographical Information System Lava Flow Rift Zone Volcanic Hazard 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université de Grenoble-AlpesLaboratoire d’Informatique de GrenobleSaint-Martin-d’HèresFrance

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