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Key Issues in Designing Epidemiologic and Clinical Studies in Orthodontics

  • Argy Polychronopoulou
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter addresses key issues related to the design of epidemiologic studies as they apply to research in orthodontics. First, the fundamental measures of epidemiology and measures derived from them to quantify causal effects are presented. In addition, basic epidemiologic study design strategies as well as their strengths and limitations are explored. Lastly, sources of error both in epidemiologic study design and methods of error control and evaluation are described. Emphasis is placed on epidemiologic principles and concepts without resorting to mathematical notation.

Keywords

Random Error Cumulative Incidence Information Bias Disease Occurrence Period Prevalence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Preventive and Community DentistrySchool of Dentistry, University of AthensAthensGreece

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