The Design of a Segway AR-Tactile Navigation System

  • Ming Li
  • Lars Mahnkopf
  • Leif Kobbelt
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7319)


A Segway is often used to transport a user across mid range distances in urban environments. It has more degrees of freedom than car/bike and is faster than pedestrian. However a navigation system designed for it has not been researched. The existing navigation systems are adapted for car drivers or pedestrians. Using such systems on the Segway can increase the driver’s cognitive workload and generate safety risks. In this paper, we present a Segway AR-Tactile navigation system, in which we visualize the route through an Augmented Reality interface displayed by a mobile phone. The turning instructions are presented to the driver via vibro-tactile actuators attached to the handlebar. Multiple vibro-tactile patterns provide navigation instructions. We evaluate the system in real traffic and an artificial environment. Our results show the AR interface reduces users’ subjective workload significantly. The vibro-tactile patterns can be perceived correctly and greatly improve the driving performance.


Segway Navigation Augmented Reality Vibro-Tactile Feedback modalities Real Traffic Evaluation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ming Li
    • 1
  • Lars Mahnkopf
    • 1
  • Leif Kobbelt
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Graphics GroupRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany

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