Generations of writers have referred to information, but individuals in various fields have used the term differently. As the electrical engineer Ralph Hartley noted in a 1928 article [91] “information is a very elastic term.”


Black Hole Natural Language Turing Machine Receive Message Informative Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Information and Library ScienceUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA

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