Advertisement

Malformations of the Face Visible from the Outside

  • Georges L. Kaiser
Chapter

Abstract

The nasoocular cleft, the medial and lateral oroocular cleft, and mixed forms belong to the oblique facial clefts.

Keywords

Lower Eyelid Nasal Bone Orofacial Cleft Congenital Fistula Frontonasal Dysplasia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Bibliography

General: Radiological Imaging, Fetal Surgery

  1. Robson CD, Barnewolt CE (2004) MR imaging of fetal head and neck anomalies. Neuroimaging Clin N Am 14:273–291PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Wagner W, Harrison MR (2002) Fetal operations in the head and neck area: current state. Head Neck 24:482–490PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Section 5.1.1

  1. Armour A, Fischbach S, Klaiman P, Fisher DM (2005) Does velopharyngeal closure pattern affect the success of pharyngeal flap pharyngoplasty? Plast Reconstr Surg 115:45–52; discussion 53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Campbell A, Costello BJ, Ruiz RL (2010) Cleft lip and palate surgery: an update of clinical outcomes for primary repair. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am 22:43–58PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Coleman JR Jr, Sykes JM (2001) The embryology, classification, epidemiology, and genetics of facial clefting. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 9:1–13PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Exalto N, Cohen-Overbeek TE, van Adrichem LN, Oudesluijs GG, Hoogeboom AJ, Wildschut HI (2009) Prenatally detected orofacial cleft. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 153:B316PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Farmand M (2002) Lip repair techniques and their influence on the nose. Facial Plast Surg 18:155–164PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Friede H (2007) Maxillary growth controversies after two-stage palatal repair with delayed hard palate closure in unilateral cleft lip and palate patients: perspectives from literature and personal experience. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 44:129–136PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kim SK, Cha BH, Lee KC, Park JM (2004) Primary correction of unilateral cleft lip nasal deformity in Asian patients: anthropometric evaluation. Plast Reconstr Surg 114:1373–1381PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Marcusson A (2001) Adult patients with treated complete cleft lip and palate. Methodological and clinical studies. Swed Dent J Suppl 145:1–57PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Marsh JL (2004) The evaluation and management of velopharyngeal dysfunction. Clin Plast Surg 31:261–269PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Molsted K (1999) Treatment outcome in cleft lip and palate: issues and perspectives. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med 10:225–239PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mulliken JB (2000) Repair of bilateral complete cleft lip and nasal deformity—state of the art. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 37:342–347PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Piffko J, Meyer U, Joos U (2002) Possibilities and limitations in evaluating treatment concepts in lip-jaw-palate clefts. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir 6:49–52PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Posnick JC, Ricalde P (2004) Cleft-orthognathic surgery. Clin Plast Surg 31:315–330PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pryor LS, Lehman J, Parker MG, Schmidt A, Foy L, Murthy AS (2006) Outcomes in pharyngoplasty: a 10-year experience. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 43:222–225PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Salyer KE, Genecov ER, Genecov DG (2004) Unilateral cleft lip-nose repair—long-term outcome. Clin Plast Surg 31:191–208PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Section 5.1.2

  1. Allam KA, Wan DC, Kawamoto HK, Bradley JP, Sedano HO, Saied S (2011) The spectrum of median craniofacial dysplasia. Plast Reconstr Surg 127:812–821PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benhammou A, Jazouli N, Kzadri M, Benhammou M (2006) Median cleft of the tongue, the lower lip and the mandible. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac 107:41–43PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Eppley BL, van Aalst JA, Robey A, Havlik RJ, Sadove AM (2004) The spectrum of orofacial clefting. Plast Reconstr Surg 115:101e–114eGoogle Scholar
  4. Hunt JA, Hobar PC (2003) Common craniofacial anomalies: facial clefts and encephaloceles. Plast Reconstr Surg 112:606–615; quiz 616, 722PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Section 5.2

  1. Shewmake KB, Kawamoto HK Jr (1992) Congenital clefts of the nose: principles of surgical management. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 29:531–539PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Section 5.3

  1. Schinzel A, Kläusler M (1986) The Van der Woude syndrome (dominantly inherited lip pits and clefts). J Med Genet 23:291–294PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georges L. Kaiser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Surgery InselspitalUniversity of BerneBerneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations