Testicular and/or Scrotal Swelling (Pain)

  • Georges L. Kaiser


The two terms are often mixed up with each other. They refer to disorders of the scrotal skin, scrotal content, or to both. Scrotal swelling is potentially a pediatric surgical emergency (acute scrotum #).

It is useful to look at the presence or absence of the skin creases, color, and thickness of the scrotal skin, as well as at the location of these changes (one or both scrotal halves, penis, groin, or perineum). The same applies to the scrotal content: Testis, epididymis, and spermatic cord must be examined for different features.

Testicular torsion leads initially to a slight swelling of the testicle and through it to an increase of the volume of the scrotal content. The scrotal skin is increasingly involved only in the further clinical course. Therefore, different clinical presentations can be observed in the same disorder depending on the stage of testicular torsion.


Embryonal Carcinoma Spermatic Cord Testicular Tumor Lyme Borreliosis Testicular Torsion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


General: Differential Diagnosis, Radiological Imaging, and Management Scrotal Swelling and Pain, and Microlithiasis

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georges L. Kaiser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Surgery InselspitalUniversity of BerneBerneSwitzerland

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