Urinary Tract Infection

  • Georges L. Kaiser


Urinary tract infection belongs to the most common bacterial infections in childhood: 3–5 % of girls and 1–2 % of boys suffer from it until puberty. In infancy, boys are preferably involved and later girls with a reinfection rate of two thirds. Five percent of infants with fever (≥38 °C) have a urinary tract infection.

Numerous urogenital malformations and other disorders manifest uniformly and nearly exclusively by a urinary tract infection if they are not recognized incidentally by prenatal ultrasound or on the occasion of a medical check-up postnatally.

It makes matter worse that the clinical presentation of urinary tract infection is the more unspecific, the younger the child. Burning and pain at micturition (dysuria), pollakiuria, secondary enuresis, and suprapubic, upper abdominal, or flank pain are not recognized as such and reported by the patient until beginning school age.


Urinary Tract Infection Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Complicated Urinary Tract Infection Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease Febrile Urinary Tract Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


General: Urinary Tract Infection, Pyelonephritis and Renovascular Hypertension, and Urinary Tract Anomalies

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georges L. Kaiser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Surgery InselspitalUniversity of BerneBerneSwitzerland

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