Jaundice (Icterus)

  • Georges L. Kaiser


Jaundice is a frequent sign in newborns and young infants and much less frequently later in life. The causal hyperbilirubinemia (>100 μmol/l total bilirubin needed) is a result of decreased hepatic uptake, conjugation of bilirubin, biliary excretion, or increased degradation of hemoglobin.

Hyperbilirubinemia is divided for practical purposes into two forms: indirect hyperbilirubinemia in which the unconjugated bilirubin is increased and direct hyperbilirubinemia with increased direct or conjugated bilirubin (direct bilirubin >15 % of total bilirubin/total bilirubin >35 μmol/l).


Sickle Cell Anemia Biliary Atresia Turner Syndrome Choledochal Cyst Pyloric Stenosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


General and Differential Diagnosis Jaundice

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Section 25.1

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Section 25.2

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Section 25.3

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Section 25.4

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Section 25.5

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Section 25.6

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georges L. Kaiser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Surgery InselspitalUniversity of BerneBerneSwitzerland

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