Experimental Studies on Techniques to Extract Natural Gas Hydrate

  • Changling Liu
  • Jianye Sun
  • Yuguang Ye
Part of the Springer Geophysics book series (SPRINGERGEOPHYS)


Extraction techniques are the key to the utilization of natural gas hydrate resources and have attracted attention worldwide. At present, no reliable methods for marine gas hydrate extraction are available although four extraction methods have been proposed for several decades. The methods are still in the exploratory stage. In this chapter, four methods (i.e., the thermal excitation method, depressurization method, chemical reagent method, and gas displacement method) are discussed for their advantages and disadvantages. Several experiment systems for gas hydrate extraction are summarized and commented. We have also developed the techniques and methods for simulated extraction of gas hydrate based on a specially designed device, which can be used to extract gas from gas hydrate with these four methods. Finally, the depressurization method has been successfully used for gas hydrate extraction in marine sediment from South China Sea.


Methane Hydrate Hydrate Dissociation Hydrate Saturation Hydrate Reservoir Back Pressure Valve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Milkov AV, Sassen R. Preliminary assessment of resources and economic potential of individual gas hydrate accumulations in the Gulf of Mexico continental slope. Mar Pet Geol. 2003;20:111–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wu Chuanzhi, Zhao Kebin. Current research in natural gas hydrate production. Geol Sci Technol Inf. 2008;27(1):47–52.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shi Dou, Zheng Junwei. The status and prospects of research and extraction of natural gas hydrate in the world. Adv Earth Sci. 1999;14(4):330–9.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jiang Guosheng, Wang Da, Tang Fenglin, et al. Exploration and development of gas hydrate. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press; 2002. p. 138.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fang Yinxia, Jin Xianglong, Li Mingbi. The exploration and development of gas hydrate. China Offshore Platf. 2002;17(2):11–5.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Darvish MP. Gas production from hydrate reservoirs and its modeling. SPE 86827; 2004.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yong Huaiyang, Peng Xiaotong, Ye Ying. Development in technology of prospecting and extraction for gas hydrates. Geol Prospect. 2002;38(1):70–3.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang Da, Pang Xinping, Li Changmao. Pondering over developing gas hydrates. Explor Eng. 2000;4:1–3.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fan Shuanshi, Liang Deqing, Chen Yong. Development situation and preview of natural gas hydrate resource. Nat Gas Ind. 2003;23(9):1–5.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ahmadi G, Ji C, Smith DH. Numerical solution for natural gas production from methane hydrate dissociation. J Pet Sci Eng. 2004;41:269–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yousif MH, Sloan ED. Experimental investigation of hydrate formation and dissociation in consolidated porous media. SPERE. 1991;6:452–8.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yousif MH, Sloan ED. Experimental and theoretical investigation of methane-gas-hydrate dissociation in porous media. SPERE. 1991;6(1):69–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sung W, Lee H, Kim S, et al. Experimental investigation of production behaviors of methane hydrate saturated in porous rock. Energy Source. 2003;25(8):845–56.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liu Yaping. Basic research on pressure-reducing exploration of natural gas hydrate reservoirs. Doctoral Paper, China University of Petroleum (Eastern China); 2009.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yousif MH, Li PM, Selim MS, et al. Depressurization of natural gas hydrates in Berea sandstone cores. J Incl Phenom Mol Recognit Chem. 1990;8(3):71–88.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yousif MH, Abass HH, Selim MS, et al. Experimental and theoretical investigation of methane gas hydrate dissociation in porous media. SPE Reserv Eng. 1991;6(4):69–76.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kono HO, Narasimhan S, Song F, et al. Synthesis of methane gas hydrate in porous sediments and its dissociation by depressurizing. Powder Technol. 2002;122(2):239–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wonmo S, Hoseob L, Sunjoon K. Experimental investigation of production behaviors of methane hydrate saturated in porous rock. Energy Sources. 2003;25:845–56.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wonmo S, Hoseob L, Hojoon Y. An experimental study for hydrate dissociation phenomena and gas flow in analysis by electric heating method in porous rocks. Korean Chem Eng Res. 2004;42(1):115–20.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sun CY, Chen GJ. Methane hydrate dissociation above 0°C and below 0°C. Fluid Phase Equilib. 2006;242(2):123–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tsimpanogiannis Ioannis N, Lichtner Peter C. Parametric study of methane hydrate dissociation in oceanic sediments driven by thermal stimulation. J Pet Sci Eng. 2007;56:165–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sira JH, Patil SL, Kamath VA. Study of hydrate dissociation by methanol and glycol injection. Soc Pet Eng. 1990;20770:977–84.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kawamura T, Yamamoto Y, Ohtake M, et al. Experimental study on dissociation of hydrate core sample accelerated by thermodynamic inhibitors for gas recovery from natural gas hydrate. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Gas Hydrate. Trondheim: Tapir Academic Press; 2005. p. 3023−8.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fan SS, Zhang YZ, Tian GL, et al. Natural gas hydrate dissociation by presence of ethylene glycol. Energy Fuel. 2006;20(1):324–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tang Liangguang, Feng Ziping, Li Xiaosen, et al. A new production method for offshore seep gas hydrate reservoir. Energy Eng. 2006;1:15–8.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tang Liangguang, Xiao Rui, Li Gang, et al. Experimental investigation of production behavior of gas hydrate under thermal stimulation. Chin J Process Eng. 2006;6(4):548–53.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tang LG, Xiao R, Huang C, et al. Experimental investigation of production behavior of gas hydrate under thermal stimulation in unconsolidated sediment. Energy Fuel. 2005;19(6):2402–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Feng Ziping, Shen Zhiyuan, Tang Liangguang, et al. Experimental and numerical studies of natural gas hydrate dissociation by depressurization in different scale hydrate reservoirs. J Chem Ind Eng (China). 2007;58(6):1548–53.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Li Shuxia, Chen Yueming, Hao Yongmao, et al. Experimental research on influence factors of natural gas hydrate production by depressurizing in porous media. J China Univ Pet (Edition of Natural Science). 2007;31(4):56–9.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hao Yongmao, Bo Qiwei, Li Shuxia. Laboratory investigation of pressure development of natural gas hydrates. Pet Explor Dev. 2006;33(2):217–20.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sun Jianye, Ye Yuguang, et al. Simulation experiment of gas hydrate formation and extraction in sediments. J Ocean Univ China (natural science). 2009;39(6):1289–94.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Chen Qiang, Ye Yuguang, Meng Qingguo, Liu Changling, Zhang Jian. Simulation experiment of the relationship between co2 hydrate saturation and resistance in porous media. Nat Gas Geosci. 2009;20(2):249–53.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Chen Qiang, Liu Changling, Ye Yuguang, Diao Shaobo, Zhang Jian. Preliminary research about the nucleation of gas hydrate in porous media. Lacta Petrolei Sinica (Pet Process Sect). 2008;24(3):345–50.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Li Shuxia, Chen Yueming, Du Qingjun. Commentary of production method and numerical simulation of natural gas hydrates. J China Univ Pet (Edition of Natural Science). 2006;30(3):146–9.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Holderg D, Angertp K. Simulation of gas production from a reservoir containing both gas hydrates and free natural gas. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana. 26–29 September 1982;11105-MS, p. 6.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mcguire PL. Recovery of gas from hydrate deposits using conventional technology. SPE Unconventional Gas Recovery Symposium, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 16–18 May 1982; 10832-MS, p. 15.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Burshears M, Obrien TJ, Malone RD. A multi-phase, multi-dimensional, variable composition simulation of gas production from a conventional gas reservoir in contact with hydrates. SPE Unconventional Gas Technology Symposium, Louisville, Kentucky. 18–21 May 1986; p. 8.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Selim MS, Sloan ED. Hydrate dissociation in sediment. Reserv Eng. 1990;5(2):245–251.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Yousif MH, Abass HH, Selim MS, et al. Experimental and theoretical investigation of methane-gas hydrate dissociation in porous media. Reserv Eng. 1991;6(1):69–76.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Swinkels Wim JAM, Drenth Rik JJ. Thermal reservoir simulation model of production from naturally occurring gas hydrate accumulations. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas. 3–6 October 1999;56550-MS, p. 13.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Moridis GJ. Numerical studies of gas production from methane hydrates. SPE 75691; 2002.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Moridis GJ. Numerical simulation studies of thermally induced gas production from hydrate accumulations with free gas at the Mallik site, Mackenzie Delta, Canada. SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Melbourne, Australia. 8–10 October 2002;77861-MS, p. 13.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Moridis GJ, Collett TS, Dallimore SR, et al. Numerical studies of gas production from several CH4−hydrate zones at the Mallik site, Mackenzie Delta, Canada. 2002; LBNL 50257, p. 38.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Du Qingjun, Chen Yueming, Li Shuxia, et al. Mathematical model for natural gas hydrate production by heat injection. Pet Explor Dev. 2007;34(4):470–87.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gas Hydrate LaboratoryQingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological SurveyQingdaoChina

Personalised recommendations