Waiting Line Models

  • H. A. Eiselt
  • Carl-Louis Sandblom
Part of the Springer Texts in Business and Economics book series (STBE)


Waiting line or queuing systems are pervasive. Many of us remember the long lineups in front of stores in the Soviet Union and Vietnam, and we have all experienced lineups in banks and supermarkets, but there are many more instances with waiting lines: think, for instance, about traffic lights, where drivers line up and wait, files that wait for processing in the inbox at a clerk’s workstation, or telephone calls that are put in a queue. Queuing system were first examined by Agner Krarup Erlang (1878–1929). Erlang was a Danish mathematician, who worked for the Copenhagen Telephone Company. One of the questions he faced during this time was to determine the number of telephone circuits that are required to provide an acceptable level of service.


Service Time Arrival Rate Service Rate Service Station Interarrival Time 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Business AdministrationUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada
  2. 2.Deptartment of Industrial EngineeringDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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