Swimming Effects on Developing Zebrafish

  • Sander Kranenbarg
  • Bernd Pelster


Zebrafish represent an important vertebrate model species in developmental biology. This chapter reviews the effects of exercise on the development of the musculoskeletal system, the cardiovascular system, metabolic capacities of developing zebrafish, and regulation of these processes on the gene expression level. Zebrafish larvae display a high amount of developmental plasticity, enabling an adaptive response to training. This adaptive response is apparent in both the morphology and physiology of the musculoskeletal system. Given the multitude of (molecular) tools available for the zebrafish, this species promises to be very useful in further elucidating the mechanisms of muscle, skeletal, and cardiovascular adaptations to prolonged exercise.


Zebrafish Embryo Adult Zebrafish Zebrafish Larva Swimming Exercise Vertebral Centra 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank Stephen Devoto, David Parichy, and Paula Mabee for making their original high quality artwork available for reproduction in this chapter.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Experimental Zoology GroupWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2. Institut für ZoologieUniversität InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

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