Phytogeographical and Ecological Indicators

  • Erika Pignatti
  • Sandro Pignatti


The distribution of plants in the terrestrial ecosystem follows general rules which depend, in a direct or indirect way, on the geographical position of the area being considered. This chapter presents data regarding the chorotypes (from which information is obtained on the history of the floras and evolution), the life forms (which are correlated with the vegetational succession), and the ecological bioindication. It will be limited only to species of vascular plants, without taking into consideration mosses and lichens which, from these points of views, present different problems.


Life Form Alien Species Distributional Area Supplementary Volume Altitudinal Belt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Brandmayr P (ed) (1988) Zoocenosi e Paesaggio – I, Le Dolomiti. Val di Fiemme – Pale di S. Martino. Studi Trent Sc Nat Acta Biol 64(Suppl), 483 pGoogle Scholar
  2. Codogno M, Mazzolini M (2004) Analisi del significato ecologico delle briofite del suolo nelle formazioni forestali. Braun-Blanquetia 34:157–165Google Scholar
  3. Ellenberg H (1974) Zeigerwerte der Gefässpflanzen Mitteleuropas. Scripta Geobot 9, Göttingen. 18:9–166 [2nd edition (1979); 3rd edition (1992)]Google Scholar
  4. Ellenberg H, Müller-Dombois D (1967) A key to Raunkiaer plant life forms with revised subdivisions. Ber Geobot Inst ETH Stiftung Rübel 37:56–74Google Scholar
  5. Festi F, Prosser F (2000) La flora del Parco Naturale Paneveggio – Pale di S.Martino. Annali Mus Civ Rovereto 13(Suppl):1–438Google Scholar
  6. Kratochwil A, Schwabe A (2001) Ökologie der Lebensgemeinschaften. E.- Ulmer Verl., Stuttgart, 756 pGoogle Scholar
  7. Landolt E, Müller R (1990) Südliche Dolomiten. Bericht über die Exkursion des Geobotanischen Institutes ETH, Stiftung Rübel, Zurich, 84 pGoogle Scholar
  8. Meusel H, Jäger E, Weinert E (1965–1992) Vergleichende Chorologie der zentraleuropäischen Flora (Bd. 1–3). Fischer Ed., JenaGoogle Scholar
  9. Nimis P (1977) Die Frühlingsblüte im Buchenwald in Beziehung zur Hummelbstäubung. In: Tüxen R (ed) Vegetation und Fauna. Cramer, Vaduz, pp 209–217Google Scholar
  10. Pignatti S (1980c) Check-list of the flora of Italy with codified plant names for computer use. CNR, Pubbl. AQ/5/13, Roma, 256 pGoogle Scholar
  11. Pignatti S (1982) Flora d’Italia, 3 vols. Edagricole, BolognaGoogle Scholar
  12. Pignatti S (1994) Ecologia del paesaggio. UTET, Torino, 228 pGoogle Scholar
  13. Pignatti S (1998) I boschi d’Italia. UTET, Torino, 677 pGoogle Scholar
  14. Pignatti S, Menegoni P, Pietrosanti S (2005) Biondicazione attraverso le piante vascolari. Valori di indicazione secondo Ellenberg (Zeigerwerte) per le specie della Flora d’Italia. Braun-Blanquetia 39. Camerino, 97 pGoogle Scholar
  15. Raunkiaer C (1934) The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography. Clarendon, Oxford, 632 pGoogle Scholar
  16. Scharfetter R (1938) Das Pflanzenleben der Ostalpen. Franz Deuticke, Vienna, 419 pGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Naturmuseum Südtirol 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erika Pignatti
    • 1
  • Sandro Pignatti
    • 1
  1. 1.RomeItaly

Personalised recommendations