Metastatic Tumors of the Ovary and LymphomasOpen image in new window

  • Jean Noel Buy
  • Michel Ghossain


When an ovarian mass suspicious for malignancy is identified at an imaging examination, primary ovarian cancer is generally the main concern [1]. However, malignant tumors of the ovary are metastatic in 5–7 % of cases [2]. While metastases are uncommon in daily practice, metastatic neoplasms may be misdiagnosed as primary ovarian neoplasms [3, 4], potentially leading to inappropriate management [1].


Endometrial Carcinoma Ovarian Mass Granulosa Cell Tumor Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma Ovarian Metastasis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Brown DL et al (2001) Primary versus secondary ovarian malignancy: imaging findings of adnexal masses in the Radiology Diagnostic Oncology Group Study. Radiology 219(1):213–218PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ulbright TM, Roth LM, Stehman FB (1984) Secondary ovarian neoplasia. A clinicopathologic study of 35 cases. Cancer 53(5):1164–1174PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Megibow A, Hulnick D, Bosniak M (1985) Ovarian metastases: computed tomographic appearance. Radiology 156:161–164PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cho KC, Gold BM (1985) Computed tomography of Krukenberg tumors. AJR Am J Roentgenol 145(2):285–288PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Demopoulos RI, Touger L, Dubin N (1987) Secondary ovarian carcinoma: a clinical and pathological evaluation. Int J Gynecol Pathol 6(2):166–175PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Holtz F, Hart WR (1982) Krukenberg tumors of the ovary: a clinicopathologic analysis of 27 cases. Cancer 50(11):2438–2447PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yakushiji M et al (1987) Krukenberg tumors of the ovary: a clinicopathologic analysis of 112 cases. Nippon Sanka Fujinka Gakkai Zasshi 39(3):479–485PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Scully RE, Young RH, Clement PB (1998) Tumors of the ovary, maldeveloped gonads, fallopian tubes and broad ligament. In: Rosai J, Sobin LH (eds) Atlas of tumor pathology, vol 3. Armed Force Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC, pp 335–372Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kuhlman JE, Hruban RH, Fishman EK (1989) Krukenberg tumors: CT features and growth characteristics. South Med J 82(10):1215–1219PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Choi HJ et al (2006) Contrast-enhanced CT for differentiation of ovarian metastasis from gastrointestinal tract cancer: stomach cancer versus colon cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol 187(3):741–745PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gagnon Y, Tetu B (1989) Ovarian metastases of breast carcinoma. A clinicopathologic study of 59 cases. Cancer 64(4):892–898PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Young RH, Scully RE (2002) Metastastic tumors of the ovary. In: Kurman RJ (ed) Blaustein’s pathology of the female genital tract. Springer, New-York, pp 1063–1101Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Seidman JD, Kurman RJ, Ronnett BM (2003) Primary and metastatic mucinous adenocarcinomas in the ovaries: incidence in routine practice with a new approach to improve intraoperative diagnosis. Am J Surg Pathol 27(7):985–993PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kiyokawa T, Young RH, Scully RE (2006) Krukenberg tumors of the ovary: a clinicopathologic analysis of 120 cases with emphasis on their variable pathologic manifestations. Am J Surg Pathol 30(3):277–299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Al-Agha OM, Nicastri AD (2006) An in-depth look at Krukenberg tumor: an overview. Arch Pathol Lab Med 130(11):1725–1730PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Athey PA, Butters HE (1984) Sonographic and CT appearance of Krukenberg tumors. J Clin Ultrasound 12(4):205–210PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shimizu H et al (1990) Characteristic ultrasonographic appearance of Krukenberg tumor. J Clin Ultrasound 18:697–703PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Choi BI et al (1988) Sonographic appearance of Krukenberg tumor from ­gastric carcinoma. Gastrointest Radiol 13(1):15–18PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ha HK et al (1995) Krukenberg’s tumor of the ovary: MR imaging features. AJR Am J Roentgenol 164(6):1435–1439PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kim SH et al (1996) CT and MR findings of Krukenberg tumors: comparison with primary ovarian tumors. J Comput Assist Tomogr 20(3):393–398PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jeong YY et al (2002) Luteinized fat in Krukenberg tumor: MR findings. Eur Radiol 12(Suppl 3):S130–S132PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mata JM et al (1988) CT findings in metastatic ovarian tumors from gastrointestinal tract neoplasms (Krukenberg tumors). Gastrointest Radiol 13(3):242–246PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lash RH, Hart WR (1987) Intestinal adenocarcinomas metastatic to the ovaries. A clinicopathologic evaluation of 22 cases. Am J Surg Pathol 11(2):114–121PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Robboy SJ, Scully RE, Norris HJ (1974) Carcinoid metastatic to the ovary. A clinocopathologic analysis of 35 cases. Cancer 33(3):798–811PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Young RH, Scully RE (1991) Malignant melanoma metastatic to the ovary. A clinicopathologic analysis of 20 cases. Am J Surg Pathol 15(9):849–860PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fitzgibbons PL, Martin SE, Simmons TJ (1987) Malignant melanoma ­metastatic to the ovary. Am J Surg Pathol 11(12):959–964PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean Noel Buy
    • 1
  • Michel Ghossain
    • 2
  1. 1.Service RadiologieHopital Hotel-DieuParisFrance
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyHotel Dieu de FranceBeirutLebanon

Personalised recommendations