Obsessive–Compulsive Disorders in Animals

Chapter

Abstract

An increasing body of evidence suggests deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a therapeutic alternative in the treatment of otherwise therapy-resistant obsessive–compulsive disorders (OCD). An inconsistency in the demonstration of beneficial effects, however, indicates that the optimal DBS parameters and brain sites for the treatment of OCD have not been found yet. This chapter summarizes animal experimental studies using DBS as an investigative tool to systematically map brain regions at which DBS affects symptoms specific to OCD and to draw conclusions on the (patho-)physiological activity of the brain areas investigated in the course of symptom manifestation and reduction. Furthermore, the chapter discusses the translational validity of such animal experimental approaches as well as their contribution to further promote the establishment of DBS in the treatment of patients with otherwise therapy-resistant psychiatric disorders, such as OCD.

Keywords

Deep Brain Stimulation Globus Pallidus Brain Site Thalamocortical Circuit Deep Brain Stimulation Target 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section Experimental Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Carl Gustav CarusTechnical University DresdenDresdenGermany

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