Neutrons were discovered by James Chadwick in 1932. Two years later, in 1934, Walter Baade and Fritz Zwicky published a paper ((Baade and Zwicky(1934)); Fig. 13.1) predicting the existence of neutron stars. The paper already suggested that neutron stars could be the product of stellar explosions in supernovae, and that they could be at the origin of cosmic rays. While hardly a theory or a model, this was a very deep intuition that linked several elements with no obvious connection, specifically cosmic rays and supernovae, and on which relationships astrophysicists still work 80 years later.
KeywordsBlack Hole Neutron Star Maximum Mass Solar Mass Fermi Momentum
- 1.Baade W. and Zwicky F., 1934, Phys. Rev. 45, 138.Google Scholar
- 2.Baym G. and Pethick C., 1979, ARAA17, 415Google Scholar
- 5.Haensel P., Potehkin A.Y. and Yakovlev D.G., 2007, Neutron Stars 1: Equation of State and Structure, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, Vol. 326. Edited by P. Haensel, A.Y. Potekhin, and D.G. Yakovlev. New York: SpringerGoogle Scholar
- 6.Kawaler S.D., Novikov, I. and Srinivasan, G., 1997, 1995 Saas-Fee Advanced Course 25 Eds Meynet G. and Schaerer D., SpringerGoogle Scholar
- 7.Shapiro S.L. and Teukolsky S.A., John Wiley and Sons, 1983Google Scholar
- 9.(Thorsett S.E. and Chakrabarty D., 1999, ApJ 512, 288Google Scholar