Embryonic Development and Anatomic and Histological Structure of the Parathyroid Glands

  • Arian P. Kalinin
  • Alexey V. Pavlov
  • Yury K. Alexandrov
  • Irina V. Kotova
  • Yury N. Patrunov
  • Sergey N. Pamputis


The parathyroid glands (from Lat. glandulae parathyroideae) are glands of internal secretion and the most important humoral regulators of calcium and phosphorus levels in the organism. In the medical literature, there are also some other terms used: “additional thyroid glands” (from Fr. glandules satellites de la thyroide) or “epithelial bodies” (from Ger. Nebendrusen der Schilddruse, Epithelkorperchen).


Parathyroid Gland Chief Cell Thyroid Lobe Inferior Pole Granular Endoplasmic Reticulum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arian P. Kalinin
    • 1
  • Alexey V. Pavlov
    • 2
  • Yury K. Alexandrov
    • 3
  • Irina V. Kotova
    • 4
  • Yury N. Patrunov
    • 5
  • Sergey N. Pamputis
    • 5
  1. 1.Clinic of Endocrine SurgeryMONIKIMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Histology Cytology and EmbryologyYaroslavl State Medical AcademyYaroslavlRussia
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryYaroslavl State Medical AcademyYaroslavlRussia
  4. 4.Clinic of Endocrinology SurgeryMONIKIMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Department of Ultrasound DiagnosticsYaroslavl State Medical AcademyYaroslavlRussia

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