Tolerance Specification Optimization for Economic and Ecological Sustainability

  • Steven Hoffenson
  • Andreas Dagman
  • Rikard Söderberg
Part of the Lecture Notes in Production Engineering book series (LNPE)


In the final stages of product development, dimensional tolerances are specified by designers to ensure high functionality at low costs. A traditional approach to this decision-making process is to minimize economic losses to the manufacturer and the consumer. This paper presents a new approach for tolerance allocation optimization that considers sustainability not only from economic costs but also ecological costs. The framework is formulated as a multi-objective optimization problem and explored with a case study on the design of an automotive body panel. Results of the case study include Pareto frontiers of non-dominated optimal solutions along with a parametric study to explore the influence of material choice on the results.


tolerance allocation variation propagation sustainability cost minimization multi-objective optimization 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Hoffenson
    • 1
  • Andreas Dagman
    • 1
  • Rikard Söderberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Product and Production DevelopmentChalmers University of TechnologyGothenburgSweden

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