Environmental Impact of Centralised and Decentralised Production Networks in the Era of Personalisation
The current trend of globalisation and decentralisation of the production activities has created a series of environment related issues. The increase of transportation distances, the escalated consumption of natural resources, and toxic emissions are among the generated challenges. Additionally, the manufacturing complexity, due to high product variety leads to increased energy consumption. Nevertheless, natural resources are limited and emission levels must be kept under the limits. This paper presents a methodology, implemented through a software tool, for the investigation of the environmental impact caused by centralised and decentralised manufacturing networks, under heavy product customisation. Simulation models of automotive manufacturing networks were developed, utilising real life industrial data, for the investigation of the impact of the production networks under highly diversified product demand, on environmental aspects. Multiple user-defined criteria have been used for the evaluation of the environmental footprint, including CO2 emissions and energy requirements in terms of depletion of natural resources. This paper aims at identifying optimal configurations of centralised and decentralised production networks, characterised by reduced energy requirements, low consumption of natural resources and reduced toxic emissions.
KeywordsDecentralised manufacturing Environmental impact CO2
This work has been supported by the EC funded project “A web-based collaboration system for mass customisation—e-CUSTOM”.
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