Mechanistic Modelling of Soil–Plant–Atmosphere Systems

  • E. Priesack
  • S. Gayler
  • T. Rötzer
  • T. Seifert
  • H. Pretzsch
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 220)

Abstract

Based on the concepts of mechanistic mathematical modelling the foundations of plant growth models are explained and some examples provided. It is illustrated how model modularity can be helpful to describe more complex eco-systems and how mechanistic plant growth models can be based on a multitude of sub-models that describe the important eco-physiological processes needed to determine plant growth dynamics. Modelling concepts for the simulation of phenological development, of photosynthesis, of nutrient allocation and of water and solute transport within the soil–plant continuum are presented. Moreover, two newly developed mechanistic plant growth models will be introduced. One model is the individual-based model PLATHO, which focuses on the description of the plant internal regulation of carbon allocation and nutrient uptake, and the other model is the stand model BALANCE, which in particular considers allocation strategies of trees in dependence on competition within the canopy.

Keywords

Plant Organ Soil Compartment Water Flow Model Plant System Model Soil Water Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Priesack
    • 1
  • S. Gayler
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. Rötzer
    • 3
  • T. Seifert
    • 3
    • 4
  • H. Pretzsch
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Soil EcologyHelmholtz Zentrum MünchenNeuherbergGermany
  2. 2.Center for Applied Geoscience, Water & Earth System Science Competence Clusterc/o University of TübingenTübingenGermany
  3. 3.Chair of Forest Growth and Yield ScienceTechnische Universität MünchenFreisingGermany
  4. 4.Forest and Wood ScienceStellenbosch UniversityMatielandSouth Africa

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