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Allelopathy pp 299-319 | Cite as

Allelopathy for the Management of Phytopathogens

  • Arshad Javaid
  • Amna Shoaib
Chapter

Abstract

Plant pathogens including fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes are responsible for huge yield losses in many economically important crops. Use of synthetic agrochemicals as soil fumigation, foliar spray or seed dressing is the most popular strategy for the management of plant diseases in the recent days. However, due to adverse effects of these chemicals on health and environment, consumers are currently demanding produce, which is free of these chemicals. Natural compounds derived from plants are more environmentally safe than synthetic chemicals. Many recent studies have shown that allelochemicals can effectively be used for the management of plant pathogens. Members of plant families like Acanthaceae, Amranthaceae, Chenopodiacea, Brassicaceae and Magnoliaceae are famous for their antifungal properties while those of Asteraceae, Poaceae and Papillionaceae are known for their nematicidal properties. These plants secondary metabolites can be exploited for the management of plant pathogens following crop rotation, green manuring and cultivation of allelopathic plants as cover crops or using crude plant extracts. In addition, the structures of novel allelochemicals can be used as analogue for the synthesis of new natural product-based pesticides.

Keywords

Allelopathic Potential Nematicidal Activity Soil Fumigant Allelopathic Plant Allyl Glucosinolate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

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