Small Parts

  • Pedro Seguí
  • Elena Elizagaray
  • Carlos Nicolau
  • Ximena Wortsman
  • Rosa Zabala
  • Jose Luís del Cura
  • Montserrat Domingo
Chapter
Part of the Learning Imaging book series (LEARN)

Abstract

The main problem with ultrasound as a diagnostic technique is the loss of acoustic signal and resolution while the distance to the structure studied increases. So, ultrasound achieves its highest performance in the study of superficial structures (when they contain no bone or air). In these structures, the so-called small parts, the ultrasound is the diagnostic procedure of choice.

Further Reading

  1. Ahuja AT, Ying M, Ho SY (2008) Ultrasound of malignant cervical lymph nodes. Cancer Imaging 8:48–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arbabi EM, Fearnley TE, Carrim ZI (2010) Drusen and the misleading optic disc. Pract Neurol 10:27–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bedi DG, Gombos DS, Ng CS, Singh S (2006) Sonography of the eye. AJR Am J Roentgenol 187:1061–1072PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhatt S, Dogra V (2008) Role of US in testicular and scrotal trauma. Radiographics 28:1617–1629PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bialek EJ, Jakubowski W, Zajkowski P, Szopinski KT, Osmolski A (2006) US of the major salivary glands: anatomy and spatial relationships, pathologic conditions, and pitfalls. Radiographics 26:745–763PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blaivas M, Theodoro D, Sierzenski PR (2002) A study of bedside ocular ultrasonography in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med 9:791–799PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bobadilla F, Wortsman X, Muñoz C, Segovia L, Espinoza M, Jemec GBE (2008) Pre-surgical high resolution ultrasound of facial basal cell carcinoma: correlation with histology. Cancer Imaging 22:163–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chan JM, Shin LK, Jeffrey RB (2007) Ultrasonography of abnormal neck lymph nodes. Ultrasound Q 23:47–54PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cho HW, Kim J, Choi J (2011) Sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of major salivary gland masses: a review of 245 cases. Am J Roentgenol 196:1160–1163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Choi N, Moon WJ, Lee JH (2011) Ultrasonographic findings of medullary thyroid cancer: differences according to tumor size and correlation with fine needle aspiration results. Acta Radiol 52:312–316PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Choo HJ, Lee SJ, Lee YH, Lee JH, Oh M, Kim MH, Lee EJ, Song JW, Kim SJ, Kim DW (2010) Pilomatricomas: the diagnostic value of ultrasound. Skeletal Radiol 39:243–250PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dogra V, Gottlieb R, Oka M, Rubens D (2003) Sonography of the scrotum. Radiology 227:18–36PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Esen G (2006) Ultrasound of superficial lymph nodes. Eur J Radiol 58:345–359PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hilborn MD, Munk PL, Lin DTL, Vellet AD, Poon PY (1993) Sonography of ocular choroidal melanomas. AJR Am J Roentgenol 161:1253–1257PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Howlett DC (2003) High resolution ultrasound assessment of the parotid gland. Br J Radiol 76:271–277PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kahn A, Kahn AL, Corinaldi CA, Benitez FL, Fox PJC (2005) Retinal detachment diagnosed by bedside ultrasound in the emergency department. Cal J Emerg Med 6:47–51PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Kim B, Winter T, Ryu J (2003) Testicular microlithiasis: clinical significance and review of the literature. Eur Radiol 13:2567–2576PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kim J, Kim EK, Park CS (2004) Characteristic sonographic findings of Warthin’s tumor in the parotid gland. J Clin Ultrasound 32:78–81PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kwong JS, Munk PL, Lin DTL, Vellet AD, Levin M, Buckley AR (1992) Real-time sonography in ocular trauma. AJR Am J Roentgenol 158:179–182PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Lam DL, Gerscovich EO, Kuo MC, McGahan JP (2007) Testicular microlithiasis: our experience of 10 years. J Ultrasound Med 26:867–873PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Lee S, Shin JH, Ko EY (2010) Medullary thyroid carcinoma: comparison with papillary thyroid carcinoma and application of current sonographic criteria. Am J Roentgenol 194:1090–1094CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lindegaard J, Isager P, Prause PJ, Heegaard S (2006) Optic nerve invasion of uveal melanoma: clinical characteristics and metastatic pattern. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:3268–3275PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. McNicholas MMJ, Brophy DP, Power WJ, Griffin JF (1994a) Ocular sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 163:921–926PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. McNicholas MMJ, Power WJ, Griffin JF (1994b) Sonography in optic disk drusen: imaging findings and role in diagnosis when funduscopic findings are normal. AJR Am J Roentgenol 162:161–163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Moon WJ, Jung SL, Lee JH, Na DG, Baek JH, Lee YH, Kim J, Kim HS, Byun JS, Lee DH (2008) Benign and malignant thyroid nodules: US differentiation-multicenter retrospective study. Radiology 247:762–770PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Paltiel HJ, Burrows PE, Kozakewich HP, Zurakowski D, Mulliken JB (2000) Soft-tissue vascular anomalies: utility of US for diagnosis. Radiology 214:747–754PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Pearl MS, Hill MC (2007) Ultrasound of the scrotum. Semin Ultrasound CT MR 8:225–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Peer S (2009) The place of sonography in the diagnostic work-up of haemangiomas and vascular malformations. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 41:70–77PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Peyster RG, Augsburger JJ, Shields JA, Satchell TV, Markoe AM, Clarke K, Haskin ME (1985) Choroidal melanoma: comparison of CT, fundoscopy, and US. Radiology 156:675–680PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Purohit A, Gonzales C (2007) Vitreous hemorrhage: a discussion of etiologies, controversies and current and future therapeutics. Expert Rev Ophthalmol 2:249–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ramirez H, Blatt ES, Hibri NS (1983) Computed tomographic identification of calcified optic nerve drusen. Radiology 148:137–139PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Smith V, Walton S (2011) Treatment of facial basal cell carcinoma: a review. J Skin Cancer 2011:371–380Google Scholar
  33. Solivetti FM, Elia F, Drusco A, Panetta C, Amantea A, Di Carlo A (2010) Epithelioma of Malherbe: new ultrasound patterns. J Exp Clin Cancer Res 6:29–42Google Scholar
  34. Srinivasan S, Van der Hoek J, Green F, Ratta H (2001) Tractional ciliary body detachment, choroidal effusion, and hypotony caused by severe anterior lens capsule contraction following cataract surgery. Br J Ophthalmol 85:1260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wittenberg A, Tobias T, Rzeszotarski M, Minotti A (2006) Sonography of the acute scrotum: the four T’s of testicular imaging. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 35:12–21PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Woodward P, Sohaey R, O’Donoghue M, Green D (2002) From the archives of the AFIP: tumors and tumorlike lesions of the testis: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics 22:189–216PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Wortsman X, Wortsman J (2010) Clinical usefulness of variable frequency ultrasound in localized lesions of the skin. J Am Acad Dermatol 62:247–256PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wortsman X, Sazunic I, Jemec GBE (2009) Sonography of plantar warts. J Ultrasound Med 28:787–793PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Wortsman X, Wortsman J, Arellano J, Oroz J, Giugliano C, Benavides MI, Bordon C (2010a) Pilomatrixomas presenting as vascular tumors on color Doppler ultrasound. J Pediatr Surg 45:2094–2098PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wortsman X, Jemec GBE, Sazunic I (2010b) Anatomical detection of inflammatory changes associated to plantar warts. Dermatology 220:213–217PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wortsman X, Gutierrez M, Saavedra T, Honeyman J (2011) The role of ultrasound in rheumatic skin and nail lesions: a multi-specialist approach. Clin Rheumatol 30:739–748PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wortsman X (2012) Common applications of dermatologic sonography. J Ultrasound Med 31:97–111PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Seguí
    • 1
  • Elena Elizagaray
    • 2
  • Carlos Nicolau
    • 3
  • Ximena Wortsman
    • 4
  • Rosa Zabala
    • 2
  • Jose Luís del Cura
    • 2
  • Montserrat Domingo
    • 3
  1. 1.Servicio de RadiodiagnósticoHospital Universitario Reina SofíaCordobaSpain
  2. 2.Servicio de RadiodiagnósticoHospital BasurtoBilbaoSpain
  3. 3.Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico (CDIC)Hospital ClinicBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Departmento de Radiología, Clinica Servet, Facultad de MedicinaUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile

Personalised recommendations