The Dynamics of Peri-Urbanization

  • Joe Ravetz
  • Christian Fertner
  • Thomas Sick Nielsen


The peri-urban (sometimes also called the urban fringe) may be the dominant urban form and spatial planning challenge of the twenty-first century. In older industrial or post-industrial countries the peri-urban is a zone of social and economic change and spatial restructuring, while in newer industrializing countries, and most of the developing world, the peri-urban is often a zone of chaotic urbanization leading to sprawl. In both cases the peri-urban can be seen as not just a fringe in-between city and countryside, a zone of transition, rather it is a new kind of multi-functional territory. While it resists simple definitions, there are common features wherever such areas are found, such as a relatively low population density by urban standards, scattered settlements, high dependence on transport for commuting, fragmented communities and lack of spatial governance. Many global challenges arise from the ways that cities grow and change, especially the emerging mega-cities in developing countries where massive social and environmental problems can be found in their peri-urban hinterlands.


Urban Expansion Urban Sprawl Urban System Urban Core Urban Fringe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joe Ravetz
    • 1
  • Christian Fertner
    • 2
  • Thomas Sick Nielsen
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Urban & Regional EcologyUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK
  2. 2.Department of Geosciences, Natural Resources and PlanningUniversity of CopenhagenFrederiksberg CDenmark
  3. 3.Department of TransportTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark

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