Physics of Wind Parks

  • Stefan Emeis
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


This Chapter presents wake effects behind turbines and introduces an analytical wind park model that is based on a momentum balance. The model predicts the reduction of wind speed at hub height within the wind park and the length of the park wake as function of atmospheric stability and surface roughness. Finally, tornado risks for offshore wind parks are assessed shortly.


Wind Speed Wind Turbine Turbulence Intensity Wind Farm German Bight 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Meteorologie und KlimaforschungKarlsruher Institut für TechnologieGarmisch-PartenkirchenGermany

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