The Dual Contracts and Expansion of the Subways

  • Roger P. Roess
  • Gene Sansone
Part of the Springer Tracts on Transportation and Traffic book series (STTT, volume 1)


The need for additional subways to service New York City was evident within weeks of the opening of the IRT in 1904. The path to the next phase of rapid transit expansion was long delayed by the opposition of August Belmont and the IRT, and by shifting political and financial conditions. Ultimately, the great expansion known as the “Dual Contracts” was adopted and implemented, while at the same time breaking the IRT’s monopoly over the system.


York Time Wall Street Journal Dual System Rapid Transit Public Service Commission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Transportation EngineeringPolytechnic Institute of New York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.MTA New York City TransitPolytechnic Institute of New York University New YorkUSA

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