Global Positioning System

  • Aboelmagd Noureldin
  • Tashfeen B. Karamat
  • Jacques Georgy


The global positioning system (GPS) was developed by the US Department of Defense in the early 1970s to serve military navigational requirements. The first satellite was launched in 1978 and the system was declared operational in 1995. It is based on a network of at least 24 satellites (with room for six further satellites) orbiting the Earth in nearly circular orbits with a mean radius of about 26,560 km.


Global Position System Global Position System Receiver Ionospheric Delay Satellite Clock Double Difference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aboelmagd Noureldin
    • 1
  • Tashfeen B. Karamat
    • 2
  • Jacques Georgy
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringRoyal Military College of Canada/Queen’s UniversityKingstonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada
  3. 3.Trusted Positioning Inc.CalgaryCanada

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