Surface and Volume Characterization
Both surface and volume morphology of the systems is required to be characterized as the resulting surface and bulk properties of the materials drive their applications. The control on the morphology and its tuning according to the requirement is another characteristic which is generally optimized by microscopic characterizations. These analyses can lead to vital information like surface smoothness/hardness (which in turn affects the wetting and adsorption characteristics of the surface), surface morphology (like strawberry, moon crater, hemispherical morphology etc.), particle size and its distribution, porosity of the particles, interactions between the components, defects present in the bulk of the sample, overall stability/dispersion of the filler phase in the polymer matrix, structure of the monoliths etc. The following sections demonstrate these analyses for a wide range of systems. Apart from organic and organic–inorganic systems, a brief discussion on the surface and volume characterization of inorganic particles has also been presented.
KeywordsIron Oxide Nanoparticles Glycidyl Methacrylate Polymer Monolith Modify Montmorillonite Surfactant Free Emulsion Polymerization