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Strategy of Biological Catalysis

  • Gennadiy Zhegunov
Chapter
Part of the The Frontiers Collection book series (FRONTCOLL)

Abstract

Living bodies may exist in a very narrow temperature range at the very lowest end of Nature’s temperature scale. Under such conditions, many chemical reactions are either impossible or occur very slowly. That is why all biochemical and physiological processes in organisms are realized with the accompaniment of biological catalysts—enzymes. Enzymes are proteins that increase the rates of biochemical reactions many thousand-fold, while themselves remaining unchanged and unconsumed, since they only undergo reversible modifications. The emergence of biocatalysts was a revolutionary event, since they conditioned the appearance of rapid and organized transformations of substances in a cold sea of undisturbed chemical chaos, which would have been impossible under any other conditions. The possibility of selective manifestations of planetary properties arose, increasing the probability of reaction flow, which would have been improbable under these conditions without enzymes. This was also the basis for the formation of the organized closed space and orderliness of cells.

Keywords

Biomass Entropy Catalysis Respiration Polysaccharide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kharkov State Veterinary AcademyKharkiv RegionUkraine

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