• Seifu Kebede
Part of the Springer Hydrogeology book series (SPRINGERHYDRO)


There is variable definition for groundwater. Agronomists define groundwater as any water below the ground. For engineers groundwater is often termed as subsurface water and occurs below the ground. For hydrogeologists groundwater is water in the saturated zone. A number of other names are attributed to groundwater. This include: sub surface water, under groundwater and groundwater. Rocks in which groundwater occur are also named differently. Aquifer is a rock that holds and transmits water at an economical rate. Aquiclude is a rock that doesn’t hold or transmit water at economical rate. Aquitard is a rock that holds water but doesn’t transmit the water to wells at economical rates. Groundwater exists inside fractures of rocks or inside open spaces called porosities of rocks. Open spaces are formed either after or during the formation of the rocks themselves.


Volcanic Rock Groundwater Storage Mesozoic Sediment Drilling Activity Arabian Nubian Shield 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Burmil S, Daniel TC, Hetherington JD (1999) Human values and perceptions of water in arid landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning 44:99–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cossins NJ, Upton M (1987) The Borana pastoral systems of southern Ethiopia. Agri Syst 25:199–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dahl G, Megersa G (1990) The sources of life: boran concepts of wells and water. In: Pálsson G (ed) From water to world making African models and arid lands. The Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala, pp 21–37Google Scholar
  4. EGS (1974) General report for Borena range project, ministry of agriculture and solel boneh Co regarding under groundwater in Sidamo Province, Geological Survey of Ethiopia (EGS) report number 880-701-01Google Scholar
  5. EGS (1996) Geological map of Ethiopia at 1:2000000 scale. Ethiopian Geological Survey, Addis AbabaGoogle Scholar
  6. Hadwen P (1975) Boreholes in Ethiopia. Geological survey of Ethiopia, Unpublished report number 29, Hydrogeology division, Technical memorandum 9, Addis Ababa, p 22Google Scholar
  7. Helland J (1998) Institutional erosion in drylands: the case of Borana pastoralists Eastern African. Social Sci Res Rev 14:50–72Google Scholar
  8. MWR (2010) Ethiopia: strategic framework for managed groundwater development, Report prepared by World bank—GWMate project, Addis Ababa, p 77Google Scholar
  9. Pankhurst R (1985) History of Ethiopian towns. Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GMBH, StutgartGoogle Scholar
  10. Phillipson BW (1995) Ancient Ethiopia. aksum: its antecedents and successors. British Museum Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  11. Pik R, Marty B, Carignan J, Lave J (2003) Stability of the Upper Nile drainage network (Ethiopia) deduced from (U-Th)/He thermochronometry: implications for uplift and erosion of the Afar plume dome. Earth and Planet Sci Lett 215:73–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Robins NS, Rose EPF (2009) Military uses of groundwater: a driver of innovation? J of Hydrogeol 17:1275–1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Tiki W, Oba G, Tvedt T (2010) Human stewardship or ruining cultural landscapes of the ancient Tula wells, southern Ethiopia. Geog J. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4959.2010.00369 Google Scholar
  14. USBR (1964) Land and water resources of the Blue Nile basin, Ethiopia. United States Bureau of Reclamation, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  15. WHYMAP (2005) Groundwater Resources of the World at 1:50,000,000 available at

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seifu Kebede
    • 1
  1. 1. Department of Earth SciencesAddis Ababa UniversityAddis AbabaEthiopia

Personalised recommendations