Evolution on the Asymptotic Giant Branch

  • Rudolf Kippenhahn
  • Alfred Weigert
  • Achim Weiss
Part of the Astronomy and Astrophysics Library book series (AAL)


Stars of low and intermediate mass experience recurrent thermal instabilities during the phase of double (hydrogen and helium) shell burning. During this phase they populate the Asymptotic Giant Branch. The thermal instabilities give rise to drastic, but short-lived structure variations, mixing episodes and specific phases of nucleosynthesis. In addition, such stars suffer from drastic mass loss; the stellar envelopes lost by strong winds may later shine up as Planetary Nebulae.


Mass Loss Rate White Dwarf Asymptotic Giant Branch Carbon Star Burning Region 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Kippenhahn
    • 1
  • Alfred Weigert
    • 2
  • Achim Weiss
    • 3
  1. 1.GöttingenGermany
  2. 2.Universität HamburgHamburgGermany
  3. 3.Max-Planck-Institut für AstrophysikGarchingGermany

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