Mapping Synusiae

  • Franco Pedrotti
Part of the Geobotany Studies book series (GEOBOT)


The term synusia (plural synusiae) is Latinized Greek and refers to groups of structurally and functionally similar plant species in a vegetation stand, such as all the spring-ephemeral geophytes in a nemoral forest. (The analog for animals is guilds.) Synusiae possess a double significance: structural, as a concrete part of a phytocoenosis, and adaptive or functional, since they unite species with similar adaptations. This means species that forage for resources in a similar manner through convergence in morphology, ecophysiology and phenology that have a comparable functional-ecological role) and that participate as common structural elements (Ivan 1979).


Spatial Heterogeneity Physical Geography Flat Terrain Moss Species Small Rise 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franco Pedrotti
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CamerinoCamerinoItaly

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