• Michael Soffel
  • Ralf Langhans
Part of the Astronomy and Astrophysics Library book series (AAL)


This textbook deals with astronomical (geodetic) reference systems. These present special kinds of spatial-temporal reference systems that play a fundamental role, especially in the vicinity of the Earth.


Global Navigation Satellite System Global Navigation Satellite System Reference System Very Long Baseline Interferometry Polar Motion 
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  1. Arias EF (2010) Current and future realizations of coordinate time scales. In: Klioner SA, Seidelman PK, Soffel MH (eds) Relativity in fundamental astronomy. Proceedings of of IAU Symposium No. 261, 2009. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 95–101Google Scholar
  2. Sobel D, Andrewes JH (2003) The illustrated longitude, the true story of a Lone Genius who solved the greatest scientific problem of his time. Walker & Company, St. LouisGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Soffel
    • 1
  • Ralf Langhans
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Planetary GeodesyDresden Technical University Lohrmann ObservatoryDresdenGermany

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