In this paper we identify developments that have led to the current interest from computer scientists in Brain-Computer Interfacing (BCI). Non-disabled users have become a target group for BCI applications. Non-disabled users can not be treated as patients. They are free to move and use their hands during the interaction with an application. Therefore BCI should be integrated in a multimodal approach. Games are an important research area since shortcomings of BCI can be translated into challenges in multimodal cooperative, competitive, social and casual games.


Brain-Computer Interfacing Human-Computer Interaction Multimodal interaction Games 


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Science, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anton Nijholt
    • 1
  1. 1.Human Media InteractionUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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