Experimental Analysis of Using Cavitation to Treat Ballast Water

  • Apoloniusz Kodura
Part of the GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences book series (GEPS)


Water is the most commonly used substance to obtain proper weight of vessels. The ballast tanks can be easily filled with a cheap material—water. However, ballast water may contain additional unwanted species—a variety of sea microorganisms. They can be dangerous for the environment of destination harbor area and can have strong influence on human activity. A problem of ballast water treatment is becoming more and more important nowadays. This is the main reason of investigation on methods of treatment. In the presented paper, an experimental analysis of using cavitation to treat ballast water is described. During experiments a physical model was designed and made. Laboratory tests were made to confirm a concept of obtaining the cavitation phenomenon. After that, the model was moved to a lake shore to make field tests in real conditions. The field tests are promising—the efficiency of elimination of microorganisms from water equals 80 %.


Oxidation Reduction Potential Cavitation Bubble Ballast Water Vapor Bubble International Maritime Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Laboratory and field tests were made in cooperation with the Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratories of the Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Department in the University of Michigan. Special thanks to Professor Guy Meadows, PhD Director of Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratories, and his staff.


  1. Brown NAK, Reynolds G (2007) Lloyd’s register releases guide to ballast water treatment technology.
  2. Chase C, Reilly C, Pederson J (2008) Marine bioinvasions fact sheet: ballast water treatment options, sea grant. Scholar
  3. International Maritime Organization (1997) Guidelines for the control and management of ship’s ballast water to minimize the harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens RESOLUTION A. 868 (20) adopted on 27 Nov 1997.
  4. International Maritime Organization (2002) Stopping the ballast water stowaways!, programme coordination unit global ballast water management programme.
  5. International Maritime Organization (2003) In: 2nd International ballast water treatment R&D symposium abstracts, London,
  6. Liang SY, Oon SL, Tan LH, Hor BH, Liang DT, Tay JH (2007) Ballast water treatment technologies and shipboard demonstrations, OCEANS 2006—Asia Pacific, 16–19 May 2007Google Scholar
  7. Matheickal J, Raaymakers S, Tandon R (2004) Ballast water treatment. R&D directory 2nd edn. International Maritime Organization, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Pearsons MG, Kotinis M (2007) Hydrodynamic optimization testing of ballast-free ship design grant report. Great Lakes Maritime Research Institute, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Perakis AN, Yang Z (2002) Economic impact of measures to limit the introduction of non-indigenous species on st Lawrence Seaway Shipping. Final Report Michigan Sea Grant ProgramGoogle Scholar
  10. Streeter VL, Wylie BE (1979) Fluid mechanics. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Tamburri MN, Ruiz GM (2005) Evaluations of a ballast water treatment to stop invasive species and tank corrosion. In: SNAME maritime technology conference and expoGoogle Scholar
  12. Tropea C, Yarin AL, Foss JF (eds) (2007) Springer handbook of experimental fluid mechanics. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. ISBN: 978-3-540-25141-5, e-ISBN: 978-3-540-30299-5Google Scholar
  13. Waite TD, Kazumi J (2001) Ballast water treatment standards: concepts and issues, University of Miami. In: Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on marine bioinvasions, New Orleans, pp 143–144Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Warsaw University of TechnologyEnvironmental Engineering FacultyWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations