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Weather Nowcasting and Short Term Forecasting

  • Arnold Tafferner
  • Caroline Forster
Chapter
Part of the Research Topics in Aerospace book series (RTA)

Abstract

This article is about present weather and its immediate development, on the challenge of how to observe it, and how to forecast it in the short term. It touches on the problems meteorologists have in delivering reliable estimates of, e.g., which path a thunderstorm will take during its track, whether it will bring hail or just rain, or when there will be freezing conditions at an airport with subsequent problems for air traffic on ground, arrival and departure. Some illustrative examples are given, showing how the problems are tackled and how integrated forecasting systems, in particular, can be successful in meeting the challenge.

Keywords

Numerical Weather Prediction Model Short Term Forecast Weather Phenomenon Gust Front Weather Feature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work presented here was funded by the DLR project Wetter & Fliegen (2008–2012) and benefited from the EU projects RISK-AWARE, FLYSAFE. Thanks are due to nowcast GmbH for providing lightning observations, and to the Department of Meteorology at Vienna University for the VERA system.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DLR, Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IPA)OberpfaffenhofenGermany

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