An Enhancement to AODV Protocol for Efficient Routing in VANET – A Cluster Based Approach

  • M. C. Aswathy
  • C. Tripti
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (volume 167)


Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANET) are a special kind of Mobile Ad-hoc network (MANET), in which vehicles on the road forms the nodes of the networks. Now a days, VANETs find several applications as an Intelligent Transportation System. Dynamic network architectures and node movement characteristics differentiates VANETs from other kinds of ad hoc networks. Since VANETs have a dynamic network topology, routing in VANETs are complicated. Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocol is the most commonly used topology based routing protocol for VANET. During the route discovery process AODV broadcasts route request message (RREQ). It creates many unused routes between a source and a destination node. This paper aims at improving the performance of AODV by enhancing the existing protocol by creating stable clusters and performing routing by Cluster Heads and Gateway nodes.




Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Zheng, K., Wang, N., Liu, A.-F.: A new AODV based clustering routing protocol. In: International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing. IEEE (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Thirumurugan, S.: C-AODV: Routing Protocol for Tunnel’s Network. International Journal of Computer Science and Technology, IJCST 2(1) (March 2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Reno Robert, R.: Enhanced AODV for directional flooding using Coordinate System. In: 2010 International Conference on Networking and Information Technology. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shea, C., Hassanabadi, B., Valaee, S.: Mobility-based Clustering in VANETs using Affinity Propagation. In: Global Telecommunications Conference, GLOBECOM 2009. IEEE (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rawshdeh, Z.Y., Mahmud, S.M.: Toward Strongley Connected Clustering Structure in Vehicular Ad hoc Networks. In: Proceedings of the 2009 IEEE 70th Vehicular Technology Conference: VTC 2009-Fall, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, September 20-23 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bononi, L., Di Felice, M.: A Cross Layered MAC and Clustering Scheme for Efficient Broadcast in VANETs. In: International Conference on Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems, MASS 2007. IEEE (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Luo, Y., Zhang, W., Hu, Y.: A New Cluster Based Routing Protocol for VANET. In: 2010 Second International Conference on Networks Security, Wireless Communications and Trusted Computing. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Maslekar, N., Boussedjra, M., Mouzna, J., Labiod, H.: A Stable Clustering Algorithm for Efficiency Applications in VANETs. In: Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC). IEEE (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Venkata Manoj, D., Manohara Pai, M.M., Pai, R.M., Mouzna, J.: Traffic Monitoring and Routing in VANETs – A Cluster Based Approach. In: 2011 11th International Conference on ITS Telecommunications. IEEE (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yawan, N., Keeratiwintakorn, P.: Efficiency Improvement of AODV for Vehicular Networks with Channel Availability Estimation. In: The 8th Electrical Engineeringl Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology (ECTI) Association of Thailand - Conference 2011 (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fan, P., Haran, J.G., Dillenburg, J., Nelson, P.C.: Cluster-Based Framework in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks. In: Syrotiuk, V.R., Chávez, E. (eds.) ADHOC-NOW 2005. LNCS, vol. 3738, pp. 32–42. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Akbari, A., Soruri, M., Jalali, S.V.: Survey of Stable Clustering for Mobile Adhoc Networks. In: 2009 Second International Conference on Machine Vision. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringRajagiri School of Engineering & TechnologyCochinIndia

Personalised recommendations