Possible Evolution of Niches and Trends

  • Claudio MargottiniEmail author
Part of the Natural Science in Archaeology book series (ARCHAEOLOGY)


Discontinuities play a major role in the slope stability of rocks. The geological material of Bamiyan presents a main pattern of discontinuities that were likely generated during excavation of the valley from the river, as a consequence of the absence of lateral support. More recently also, the explosion produced new fractures in rocks that were well localized in the niches, as well as enlarging pre-existing fractures. Concerning the stability of rock masses, the genesis of discontinuities is marginally relevant: If they exist they might play a role in possible collapse, otherwise they would not. The impact of the March 2001 explosion has been only marginally investigate because it caused rock falls in the niches and triggered a possible further collapse of the eastern side of the Eastern Giant Buddha niche. The collapse of the statues is not discussed in this chapter.


Slope Stability Shear Strength Parameter Rock Slide Slope Face Wedge Failure 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological Survey of ItalyISPRA - Italian Institute for Protection and Environmental ResearchRomeItaly

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