Long-Term Conservation Strategy for Repair, Enhancement, Research, and Risk Preparedness for the Preservation of the Site

  • Claudio Margottini
Part of the Natural Science in Archaeology book series (ARCHAEOLOGY)


Considering the previous described environmental processes, any stabilization strategy has to solve the causes of active processes and not focus only on mitigating the effects. Different stabilization measures have been investigated, considering also the need of implementing the work in an area of high cultural value but low technological support (at least at the moment). Also, consolidation works do not have to be restricted to the statues themselves, but must consider the entire area, especially for those processes that affect the whole cliff (e.g., rainwater drainage). In fact, as recognized by geomorphological investigation, many caves and part of the cliff are presently at risk of collapse and/or great erosion. Following are the essential points to be raised in a wider perspective and long-term view for the protection of cliff, caves, and niches. These elements are the foundations of a general stabilization plan for the consolidation of niches and cliffs, which should include the necessary geological, geomorphological, and hydrological studies as well as the structural condition of the caves and great cliff, and the monitoring and design of remedial works.


Ground Motion Seismic Noise Gully Erosion Rock Fall Dial Gauge 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geological Survey of ItalyISPRA – Italian Institute for Protection and Environmental ResearchRomeItaly

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