Health and Health Care
Nurses are not only the largest group of health care professionals but also a crucial part of the health care team, as they have the most frequent patient contact and provide direct physical care. Although the focus of nursing has always been on caring for people with actual or potential health problems, caring for people during acute phases of illness, caring for people in the area of rehabilitation or restoration of health and caring for people during the last stages of life, the practice of nursing has undergone significant changes in the past decades. Today the profession of nursing is characterised by diversity in specialisations and workplaces. Nurses are faced with an amazing breadth of opportunities as they work in various roles within hospital as well as community settings. In recent years nurses have become more involved not only in caring for the elderly or for chronically ill or disabled persons in their communities but also in supporting vulnerable groups (e.g. young mothers with children) and providing health education to whole populations.
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